Medieval Islamic Map of the World, ca. 1300 CE. South lies at the top in this medieval Islamic world map.
From The Oxford Map Companion: One Hundred Sources in World History by Professor Patricia Seed, which illustrates how peoples and cultures throughout the human past have imagined their worlds through a diverse collection of historical maps from the Paleolithic to the present.
From The Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library FB page -
“Pick of the week: Book of Giants - This book is not part of the Ethiopic version of the Books of Enoch, but several of its features indicate that the scribes of the Dead Sea Scrolls grouped it with the other compositions of the Enoch corpus. Later fragments of this composition have survived in various languages among the scriptures of the Manichean religion. The discovery of this text in the Qumran caves confirmed the supposition that it is not an original Manichean composition, but rather one of the earliest extrabiblical (parabiblical) Jewish compositions written in Aramaic. Unlike the other books of the Enoch corpus, the Book of Giants is not written as a first-person account told by Enoch. Nevertheless, it deals with the myth of the fallen angels found in the other Books. The story is told from the perspective of the Giants, or “Nephilim” as they are called in the text, the monstrous progeny of the fallen angels and human women. Although the manuscripts are fragmentary, the composition seems to claim that the flood was a punishment for the sins of the Giants, and served to purge the earth of their harmful presence.”
More news coverage of Prof. Jamal J. Elias’ recent talk in Karachi on truck art.
Mandaean Incantation Bowl, Iraq, 200-600 CE
Written in the Mandaic language, a dialect of Aramaic, the inscription was meant to ward off evil entities from a man named Buktuya, his wife Zaduya, and their family. They would have practiced Mandaeism, a gnostic religion with ties to the Abrahamic faiths, which survives to this day among small communities mostly in diaspora. This particular inscription, since it dates to before the advent of Islam, offers an invaluable snippet of understanding of this small insular religion before the spread of Islam in the Middle East.
The Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto